Acute physiological disturbance






  1. Acid-base abnormalities – “management”
  2. Coagulopathy
  3. DIC
  4. Disturbances of fluid balance, oedema and dehydration
  5. Fluid, electrolyte and acid-base disorders
  6. Renal, Electrolyte and Metabolic Disorders to include:
    1. Body temperature – hypothermia and hyperthermia
  7. Hypothermia and hyperthermia
  8. Hypovolaemia and Shock (pharmacological considerations)
  9. Pathophysiology and management of cardiogenic and hypovolaemic shock
  10. Respiratory failure – management of acute respiratory failure
  11. Pneumothorax